Jim Corbett national Park is pride of Uttarakhand state in terms of wildlife tourism. The park is famous all over the world for its exotic flora and fauna. The Corbett National Park has a rich wildlife conservation history. Corbett is an ideal home to a wide variety of wildlife species. Some of the major animal species found in Corbett are elephants, tigers, crocodiles, deer, para or hog deer, leopards, langurs, wild boars, ghariyal etc. The park management authority has the responsibility to conserve all these wild species without distracting their natural habitats.
There are three key conservation projects running in Corbett are as follows:
Crocodile Conservation Project
After the independence the population of tiger in India suffered a heavy decline due to many reasons. The primary reason was noticed as deforestation activity done by local people to earn their livelihood. Diversion of land was started just to accelerate the development activities like irrigation, hydro-electric projects, road/rail construction. The early king's hobbies were sport hunting and poaching of tigers for trophies. These activities led the sudden decrease of tiger population in Corbett.
Hence Project Tiger - a special conservation project to conserve the rare species of royal Bengal Tiger was started on April 1st 1973. It was the biggest conservation initiative of its time that was started first time in Corbett. The park was designated a Corbett Tiger Reserve (CTR), amongst the first nine that were born of the initiative of the then prime minister Indira Gandhi.
As a result today our Corbett National Park one of the best preserved park in Asia with a healthy population of 164 tigers and over 600 elephants.
This exclusive project is handled by Government of India under the supervision of Ministry of Environment and Forests. The project is headed by the Director (Chief Conservator of Forest). The director looks after the management of Tiger Reserves and provides financial help to various state governments.
A state government keeps the administrative control over the Tiger Reserves.
Each Tiger Reserve is managed by a Field Director (rank of Conservator of Forests).
The Field Director is suppose to submit the reports to the Chief Wildlife Warden of the State, and is verified by Deputy Director(s) and the usual field staff.
The States Government receives 100% financial assistance for non- recurring items and 50% of financial assistance for approved recurring items
The Indian Crocodile conservation project is counted among the more successful conservation initiatives in the world. It has proved boon for the once threatened crocodilians from the brink of extinction and has placed them on a good path of recovery. The same very project was introduced in Corbett in the year of 1976. The main motto behind this project was to protect India's three endangered crocodilian species, namely the freshwater crocodile, the saltwater crocodile and the ghariyal. The project has contributed towards conservation of large number of species as well.
To make sure that breeding of species remain captive
Collection of eggs from natural habitat, subsequent hatching and rearing of crocodiles/gharials in captivity to reduce mortality due to natural predators and finally released into the wild
Project Elephant (PE) is centrally sponsored scheme that was launched in February 1992 to provide financial and technical support to major elephant bearing states in the country for protection of elephants. The same very scheme was launched in Corbett to protect viable population of elephants in their natural habitats.